Storage - the easiest to reduce costs in the logistics sector
- Nov 23, 2017 -
Warehousing activities are to promote the development of production, to meet the market an indispensable part of the supply. The cost of warehousing is easier to control and manage the cost of logistics. With the improvement of the technical level in logistics activities and the improvement of warehousing efficiency, the cost of warehousing is also changing. To clearly understand the importance of warehousing in logistics activities, existing problems, storage cost control in order to take appropriate measures to solve the problem, reduce costs and improve efficiency.
▌ the importance of logistics and warehousing management
① modern logistics an indispensable important part
The importance of warehousing for logistics systems can be further understood from the supply chain perspective. From the perspective of the supply chain, the logistics process can be seen as a series of supply and demand. When the rhythm of supply and demand is inconsistent and the two processes can not link well, the product can not be consumed immediately or there is demand There is no product to meet the situation, this time need to establish product reserves, will not be able to instant consumption of products stored up for future needs. Supply and demand both exist in-kind flow, there are physical quiescence, quasi-stationary state is about to be stored in kind in kind to better meet the supply and demand of these two dynamic processes.
② ensure the quality of the goods before entering the next link
Inspection of product quality in the storage of goods can effectively prevent inflows of counterfeit products into the market, protect the rights and interests of consumers, and to a certain extent, also protect the reputation of the manufacturer. To ensure product quality through warehousing mainly in two aspects: First, quality inspection during the storage of goods to see whether the goods meet the storage requirements, unqualified products mixed; Second, during the storage of goods, try to make the product does not occur Physical and chemical changes, minimize inventory errors.
③ ensure the smooth progress of social reproduction
The warehousing process of goods is not only the necessary guarantee for the smooth progress of commodity circulation, but also the guarantee for the society to be carried out in the production process.
④ speed up the circulation of goods, saving circulation costs
While goods are in a quiescent state when they are stored in warehouses, there will be an increase in both time and financial costs, but overall they will not only lead to less time and financial costs, but will help Accelerate circulation, and save operating costs.
⑤ ready for the goods to enter the market
Warehousing can complete the finishing, packing, quality inspection, sorting and other procedures before the goods enter the market, so as to shorten the working time of subsequent links and speed up the flow of goods.
▌ storage cost control
Storage costs refers to the storage business in the process of storage of goods, including loading and unloading, storage and storage, circulation processing, send and receive items and other aspects of construction and purchase of warehouses and other facilities consumed by the manpower, material and financial resources and risk costs. Warehouse logistics cost management level, the entire logistics cost management is of great significance. Mainly in the following:
① to solve the difference between supply and demand time
Some products are seasonal production, annual consumption; some products are perennial production, seasonal consumption; some products are seasonal production, seasonal consumption or perennial production, annual consumption. No matter what kind of situation, products from the production process into the process of consumption, there is a certain period of time. The storage of goods through the process, to resolve the contradiction between supply and demand, in time also created new benefits.
② to achieve the transfer of goods from production to consumption
Warehousing activities can solve the contradiction between production and consumption in terms of space, time, variety, quantity, etc., and play the role of link and bridge between production, consumption and connection of warehousing. It also separates the geography of production and consumption by producers and consumers ; Convergence of the production and consumption of goods on the time inconsistency; adjustment of the production and consumption patterns differences; trade load balance, reduce transportation costs. Such as mass production, FCL transportation, in the storage process for the benefit of retail and other functions.
▌ warehousing management problems and cost control content
① storage material cost management
Materials in the storage process consumed by the cushion material in storage costs account for a large proportion. The greatest potential for reducing storage costs is to save on padding and cover materials and labor-related expenses, to find out the cost savings can be some of the costs, but also to ensure the quality of materials management materials management, technological innovation and transformation, fully go Tap the potential of equipment. In the management of storage costs should also be split, classification management, strengthen economic accounting, prompting the storage costs continue to decline.
② in the Treasury handling handling costs management
Material access to the warehouse mainly rely on handling operations to complete. Handling equipment, depreciation of machinery and equipment depreciation costs, loading and unloading costs in the warehouse accounted for the largest proportion. Therefore, the warehousing department should first pay attention to the economy and practicability in choosing suitable machinery and equipment, and should prevent the practice of increasing the depreciation of warehousing equipment unwillingly regardless of actual needs.
③ labor costs in the storage management
The labor costs of warehousing expenditures mainly in two aspects: First, warehouse management staff salaries, bonuses, benefits, allowances, etc .; second is the production of warehousing workers wages, bonuses, allowances, benefits and so on. The management of labor costs for warehousing should focus on minimizing the wage expenditure of non-productive workers. Because this part of the cost and expenditure is not directly related to the amount of warehousing operations, labor productivity should be continuously raised and the labor and labor cost of keeping warehousing costs should be continuously reduced. In addition, choosing a reasonable form of labor organization and wage form also has a significant impact on reducing labor costs.
▌ measures to reduce storage costs
Reduce storage costs to ensure the lowest total cost of logistics and does not reduce the overall quality of service and target level under the premise of enterprises, common measures are:
① first-in-first-out approach to reduce the risk of storage of goods. FIFO is one of the guidelines for storage management, which ensures that the storage period of each stored item is not too long, which reduces the risk of storage.
② improve storage density and storage capacity utilization. Its main purpose is to reduce investment in storage facilities and improve the utilization of storage area per unit to reduce costs and reduce land occupation.
③ using an effective storage location system to improve storage efficiency. The meaning of storage location is the location of the stored object. If the positioning system is effective, can greatly reduce the time to find, store, remove, prevent errors, easy inventory. Storage location system can take advanced computer management, but also take general human management.
④ adopt an effective way to count the inventory, improve the ease of storage operations. The monitoring of the quantity and quality of stored materials helps to grasp the basic situation of warehousing and helps to control the inventory of science. In the actual operation of a slight error, it will make the accounts do not match, you must promptly and accurately grasp the actual storage, check with the card often to ensure that the warehousing supplies intact, which is manual or computer management essential. In addition, regular monitoring is an important task in detecting the status of assets held.
⑤ accelerate turnaround, improve unit storage capacity. Storage modernization is an important issue of the static storage into dynamic storage, fast turnover will bring a series of benefits: faster turnaround time, high capital efficiency, cargo damage is small, warehouse throughput increased, the cost of decline and so on. Specific practices such as the use of unit-based storage, the establishment of rapid sorting system, is conducive to fast forward fast, big big big.
⑥ take a variety of operations, activation of assets. Investment in warehousing facilities and equipment can only benefit if it is fully utilized. If it can not be put into use or is only used inefficiently, it will only incur increased costs. Warehousing enterprises should make timely decisions, take a variety of management methods such as renting, borrowing and selling to activate these assets and improve the utilization of assets and equipment.
⑦ strengthen labor management. Wages are an important part of warehousing costs. The rational use of labor force is the basic principle of guarding staff wages. My country is a country with labor advantages. It is a reasonable choice to use more labor because wages are lower. However, it is also an important aspect of cost management that effective management of labor is to prevent people from floating on the boat.
⑧ reduce operating costs. The cost of operation and management is the expenses and costs of the business activities and management activities of the enterprises, including management fees, business expenses and transaction costs. To strengthen such cost management, reduce unnecessary expenses, but also to reduce costs. When the cost of operating and management expenses often can not produce direct benefits and returns, and can not be completely canceled to strengthen management is necessary.
Warehousing activities are to promote the development of production, to meet the market an indispensable part of the supply. Warehousing costs are easier to control and manage in logistics costs. With the improvement of the technical level in logistics activities and the improvement of warehousing efficiency, the storage cost is also changing. To clearly understand the importance of warehousing in logistics activities, existing problems, storage cost control in order to take appropriate measures to solve the problem, reduce costs and improve efficiency.http://veidarack.com/
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